A certified electrician is frequently hired by potential buyers whenever a house is sold. He looks over electrical issues that a routine house inspection would overlook. In this article, our experts will take you through the details of an electrical inspection, including a home electrical inspection checklist.
Many households disregard safety precautions for various electrical installations. Why did the inspector give your electrical inspection a failing grade? There are several causes of a failed inspection. Understanding electrical inspection, in general, is crucial to comprehending the numerous electrical gaps that contractors leave.
What Is An Electrical Inspection?
A building’s electrical systems and wiring will all need to be inspected to ensure they all adhere to legal safety requirements. Many electrical inspectors will refer to the national electric code when deciding whether a specific electrical system is appropriate. An electrical permit, which local governments frequently need, may occasionally be accompanied by an electrical inspection or perhaps many examinations.
When an electrical system is installed, three types of inspections take place. The “rough-in” electrical inspection is the first. All cables, conduits, and boxes will be examined. The service inspection comes after the second inspection.
While there are numerous requirements to meet to pass this inspection, the service panel’s installation and appropriate grounding are two of the most crucial ones. The third inspection serves as the last check. By this time, the electrical system should be utterly operational with all breakers placed and finishing touches added.
A thorough home electrical safety inspection will:
- Determine any electrical wiring or parts that may have aged poorly.
- Identify any overloaded electrical circuits.
- Identify any earthing deficiencies.
- Find any bad wiring or other errors that unlicensed electricians or do-it-yourself homeowners made.
- Locate large fuses or breakers that might provide a fire risk from electrical current.
- Look for any dangers of electric shock.
Importance Of Home Electrical Safety Inspection
All electrical components and wiring will deteriorate over time and use. The wiring problem is, nevertheless, routinely disregarded by the majority of householders. At most, a home electrical safety inspection will be required after a fuse has already blown or a circuit breaker has already tripped. It shouldn’t be shocking that electrical issues commonly cause house fires.
Having the electrical wiring inspected is one of the most important things you can do to keep your home safe from electrical threats. You don’t want to endanger the lives of your loved ones or chance having electrical fires destroy your house. The home electrical safety inspection should thus be a top consideration.
11 Common Electrical Problems Found During Home Inspections
Below mentioned is a home electrical inspection checklist for first-time homebuyers:-
Extension Cords in Permanent Use
Extension cables should be utilised for a temporary external or distant power supply. If extension cords are frequently used, there aren’t enough outlets in the building or residence to support all of the electrical gadgets that are currently in use. Older homes are more likely to have this problem, but it is a safety issue that should permanently be fixed before a sale.
Improperly Wired Switches
When doing an inspection, electricians frequently run across this issue. When wiring a switch or an outlet, people who try to do it themselves or hire someone with basic electrical inspection knowledge sometimes utilise reverse polarity. This occurs when the hot and neutral wires are “flipped,” which poses a shock threat.
Missing or Faulty GFI Outlets
Due to the frequent use of inexpensive and subpar materials in Bangalore, GFIs are a significant problem in even recent residences. GFI outlets are necessary anywhere an electrical outlet is close to a body of water. When GFIs often or prematurely “trip,” cutting off power to specific localised electrical components signifies GFI failure.
A qualified electrician can repair a GFI rather quickly, and using better-quality components will extend the device’s useful life by many years. GFIs must be maintained in excellent working condition to fulfil their role of safeguarding you against the risk of electrocution.
This is a risky technique when many cables are connected to a single breaker. Because most circuit breakers are made for single wires, this may result in loose connections, arcing, and even a fire. Usually, this is fixed by adding more breakers. However, in some circumstances, when there are no load issues, it may be fixed by wire-nutting the connections together before the breaker panel.
Ungrounded electrical outlets are common, particularly in older residences. You can quickly determine if the outlets in your house are grounded or not. While grounded outlets feature two slots plus a hole for the ground wire, ungrounded outlets just have two slots. It is a good idea to update ungrounded receptacles to reduce the risk of fire if there is ever a problem with the electrical component using the circuit.
Obstructed Drip Loop
A drip loop prevents water from entering a structure through wire inlets. It goes without saying that water that gets trapped within electrical conduits and walls may be quite problematic. Therefore any drip loops that are damaged or missing need to be replaced immediately.
Improperly Buried Wire
To safeguard subterranean wire from the environment, rats, and unintentional damage, it must be put properly. Unlicensed electricians sometimes bury electrical lines too deeply or without using the right conduits, which are necessary to maintain dependability and safety.
Service Panel Problems
It’s all too usual to discover a number of issues with a home’s service panel during a basic electrical home inspection. The electricians at Penny Electric look for things like faulty wire schematics, breaker issues, and obvious damage. We cannot emphasise enough how crucial it is to have an electrical panel that is both big enough to handle a home’s electrical demands and that is in good functioning condition.
Trees or Bushes Leaning on Exterior Power Lines
Electrical lines shouldn’t ever come in contact with plants or trees! A tree limb can break a power line or its connecting point if it is sufficiently heavy and falls on wires during a wind gust, posing a risk of fire or shock.
Every electrical switch, outlet, and junction box should be covered for safety, especially in a house with kids and/or pets. The covers are designed to safeguard the wiring and to keep you and your family from touching active circuits, which might result in a serious electrical shock.
Missing Smoke Alarms
Every floor of your home has to have a smoke alarm for safety reasons. Smoke detectors should also be placed just outside each bedroom. Smoke alarm batteries should be tested or changed annually, and smoke alarm devices should be replaced every ten years.
Home Electrical Safety Inspection Checklist
- Light fixtures, outlets, and switches are all functional and in good shape.
- There are no indications of degradation, wear, or tear on any of the wires.
- Fuse elements are placed correctly, and all circuit breakers, RCDs, and other devices are in good working order.
- Appropriateness of all switchgear (MCBs, RCDs etc.).
- The distribution panel’s groups and labels are correctly arranged.
- A suitable earthing and grounding system.
- Current wiring practices guarantee that it is appropriate for usage today.
- A circuit’s wires are all grouped together.
- Electrical systems should be properly insulated when near wet or damp areas.
- There is no overload on the wires or outlets.
- Installing permanent fittings if necessary to lessen the need for extension cables.
This serves as a generic checklist for checking the electrical system in a home. In addition to this, Portable Appliance Testing (PAT) ought to be done regularly. The equipment and electrical appliances under test are examined. A certified electrician or someone with in-depth knowledge of electrical testing conducts PAT testing.
This includes visual inspection, earth continuity testing, insulation testing between current carrying elements and the exterior metal, and other tests. For doing this testing, portable appliance testers can be rented or purchased.
Even if you are not in the market for a new house, an electrical inspection is beneficial. Call the qualified, certified property inspectors at PropCheck to arrange repairs or ask for a thorough electrical inspection if you think any of the aforementioned issues may exist. Knowing that the electrical system in your house is secure will help you sleep better!